中英對照:聲稱治愈艾滋病的醫生起訴科學院

2007年12月06日08:33  來源:人民網科技

 【字號 打印 留言 論壇 網摘 手機點評 糾錯
E-mail推薦:  

 
“愛科學”英文課堂
聲稱治愈艾滋病的醫生起訴尼日利亞科學院

Christina Scott
27 November 2007
Source: 科學與發展網絡(SciDev.Net)

 

尼日利亞科學院因為駁斥了一名醫生聲稱發明了艾滋病病毒疫苗的主張而遭到了后者的起訴,這位醫生的主張沒有得到過証實。

盡管《柳葉刀》雜志報告說尼日利亞政府已經從2000年開始禁止了未被批准的疫苗,該醫生本月証實說他正在繼續提供疫苗治療。

Jeremiah Abalaka是尼日利亞首都阿布賈北部Gwagwalada的一個私人診所Medicrest專科醫院的擁有者,2004年,他在權威的《疫苗》雜志上發表了他未經証實的發明艾滋病疫苗的主張。他不斷引用該文章作為自己研究合法性的証據。

“我分別擁有預防和治療艾滋病病毒感染的預防和治療疫苗。它們都是用艾滋病病毒感染者的血液制成的。它們就是人血的成分。”Abalaka在一封電子郵件中聲稱。

疫苗的價格是每針5000尼日利亞奈拉(約合40美元)。患者自己決定劑量和注射次數。Abalaka聲稱這種非法疫苗“確確實實沒有副作用”,遇到進一步詢問的時候,他就讓別人看他那篇《疫苗》雜志的論文。

有人認為Abalaka至少為4000名患者注射了“經過處理的”感染艾滋病病毒的血液,他聲稱自己也注射了疫苗。

位於拉各斯的尼日利亞科學院的執行秘書Akin Adubifa說:“有許多患者去見這個人,他賺了許多錢。”Adubifa告訴本網站說:“科學院希望驗証他的主張,安排專家訪問了他的診所。代表們發現他的主張無法進行科學驗証。”

尼日利亞科學院隨后向尼日利亞衛生部提交了一份緊急報告。在該報告被報紙發表之后,Abalaka起訴了科學院及其代表,理由是他們破壞了他的生意。

Abalaka在幾家媒體的報道中聲稱他是一場旨在搶奪他疫苗利潤的國際陰謀的受害者,但是他沒有提供証據。盡管所有的利潤都流向了他的診所,他聲稱測試他的疫苗將破壞他的知識產權。

尼日利亞科學院的副院長、位於Ogbomoso的技術大學的前副校長Olusegun Oke告訴本網站說:“Abalaka甚至沒有實驗室設備用於制造任何疫苗。他的實驗室事實上是空的。”

Oke証實說一個案件已經歷時3年,目前正在阿布賈高等法院等待審理。他說有30年歷史的尼日利亞科學院“無法應付訴訟費用”。

位於尼日利亞拉各斯的媒體培訓和監督組織“發展溝通網絡”的Akin Jimoh對於尼日利亞衛生部尚未對Abalaka採取行動這一事實表示不滿,他也對科學院花了那麼長的時間調查Abalaka感到不滿。Jimoh說:“當局調查的時間太長了,以至於Abalaka已經在媒體上贏得了公眾支持。時機已經失去了。”

他指出Abalaka還試圖以同樣的主張起訴尼日利亞電視台主任、世界科學記者聯盟的副主席Diran Onifade。Onifade說該案件已經停止訴訟,但是他沒有解釋原因。

盡管有好幾種疫苗已經有了試驗計劃,目前尚沒有正在使用的艾滋病病毒疫苗。國際艾滋病疫苗行動組織(International AIDS Vaccine Initiative)証實了Abalaka與任何已知的疫苗研究組都沒有聯系。

Farouk Auwalu是被軍方送到Abalaka的診所接受治療的30名尼日利亞維和士兵的唯一幸存者,他否定了Abalaka在國外或者已經停止提供非法疫苗的報道。

本網站的一名記者訪問了該診所,在與醫院工作人員的交談中証實了未被批准的疫苗仍然正在使用。

《疫苗》雜志的主編Ray Spier拒絕就Abalaka繼續提供未經試驗的疫苗牟利發表意見,也拒絕評論他現在是否后悔發表了那篇論文。

當時,Spier撰寫了一篇社論說Abalaka的研究是作為一篇報告發表的,而不是一篇同行評議的研究論文,Abalaka沒有強調這一區別。Spier的社論說“危急的情況需要危急的手段”,他還說拒絕“大量的數據”是“無禮的”。
 

 
HIV 'cure' doctor sues science academy

Christina Scott
27 November 2007
Source: SciDev.Net

  
The Nigerian Academy of Science is being sued by a doctor after casting doubt on his unproven claims to have invented a vaccine for HIV.

And although The Lancet reported that the Nigerian government banned the unauthorised vaccine in 2000, the doctor confirmed this month that he is continuing to provide the treatment.



In 2004 Jeremiah Abalaka ─ owner of the Medicrest Specialist Hospital, a private clinic in Gwagwalada, north of the Nigerian capital Abuja ─ had his unproven claim published in the journal Vaccine. He continues to cite the article as evidence of his legitimacy.

"I have HIV prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines for prevention and treatment of HIV infection respectively. Both are made from the blood of HIV-infected patients. They are just human blood components," Abalaka alleged in an email.

The vaccines cost 5000 Nigerian Naira (around US$40) per injection. The patient decides on the dose and how many injections to receive. Abalaka claims that the illegal vaccine "has literally no side effects'' and refers further enquiries to his Vaccine paper.

Abalaka is thought to have injected a minimum of 4000 patients and he claims, himself with ''treated'' HIV positive blood.

''This man was having a lot of patients coming to him and was making a lot of money,'' said Akin Adubifa, executive secretary of the Lagos-based Nigerian Academy of Science.

''The academy wanted to verify his claim and made arrangements to visit his clinic. The findings of the representatives were that his claim could not be scientifically verified,'' Adubifa told SciDev.Net.

The academy subsequently issued a critical report to the Nigerian Ministry of Health. After the report was published in newspapers, Abalaka sued the academy and its representatives on the grounds that they have damaged his business.

Abalaka has claimed in several media reports, without providing evidence, that he is the victim of an international conspiracy to rob him of profits from the vaccine. Although all the profits appear to go to his clinic, he claims that testing the vaccine will undermine his intellectual property rights.

''Abalaka hasn't even got the facilities in the lab to produce any vaccine. His lab is virtually bare,'' Olusegun Oke, vice-president of the Nigerian Academy of Science and former vice-chancellor of the University of Technology in Ogbomoso, told SciDev.Net.

Oke confirmed that a court case had been underway for three years and was currently pending in the High Court in Abuja. He said the 30-year-old Academy "was not coping with the legal costs".

Akin Jimoh of Development Communications Network, a media training and monitoring organisation based in Lagos, was critical of the fact that the Nigerian Ministry of Health has not yet acted against Abalaka, and that it took some time for the academy to investigate him.

''It took so long for the authorities to investigate that Abalaka had already won over public opinion in the media. It was a lost opportunity,'' said Jimoh.

He noted that Abalaka had also tried to sue Diran Onifade, the Nigerian broadcast executive who is vice-president of the World Federation of Science Journalists, on similar claims. Onifade says the case was dropped without explanation.

There are no HIV vaccines in use at present, although a number of trials are planned. The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative has confirmed that Abalaka has no link with any known vaccine research teams.

Farouk Auwalu, the only surviving member of 30 Nigerian peacekeeping soldiers sent to Abalaka's clinic by the army for treatment, denied reports that Abalaka was overseas or had stopped offering the illegal vaccine.

A SciDev.Net reporter who travelled to the clinic confirmed in discussions with staff that the unauthorised vaccine is still being dispensed.

Ray Spier, editor of Vaccine, declined to comment on Abalaka continuing to provide an untested vaccine in exchange for cash or if he now regrets publishing the paper.

At the time, Spier wrote an editorial saying Abalaka's study was published as a report and not as a peer-reviewed research paper, a distinction that Abalaka has not emphasised. Spier's editorial said "desperate situations call for desperate measures" and said it would be "churlish" to push aside "a mass of data".


本文由科學與發展網絡(SciDev.Net)獨家提供

(責編:馬麗)
相關專題
· 艾滋
· “愛科學”英文課堂
新聞檢索:    
   熱圖推薦
英媒評2010年12張最佳圖片英媒評2010年12張最佳圖片
一夜情有益社會應鼓勵?一夜情有益社會應鼓勵?
盤點趙本山宋丹丹春晚那點事盤點趙本山宋丹丹春晚那點事
崔永元炮轟收視率調查不真實崔永元炮轟收視率調查不真實
   精彩新聞
·[教育]台高學歷美女藝人卸妝大比拼 東莞男童莫名"午睡死"
·[教育]老師令65名同學打一學生 甘事業單位招考團體作弊
·[科技]地球會越來越冷 明年我國將發射神八等20余顆星船
·[科技]華中科大副教授因論文造假下崗 核污染村白血病多
·[娛樂]周立波迎娶富婆女友排場大 上海婚宴內場照曝光
·[娛樂]傳張杰謝娜20日登記結婚 周慧敏AngelaBaby同台
·中國高鐵漸吞市場 部分民航支線被迫停飛
·五糧液為“身份需求”漲價 每瓶提價50元到70元
·煤企漲價重擊電企軟肋 發改委強硬干預電煤談判
·“十二五”投資3000億安徽發力旅游產業
·農業部將繼續提高糧食收購價
·[教育]公私幼兒園收費將統一 3年內基本緩解入園難
羊年真的會慘嗎?羊年真的會慘嗎?
我們的福利受法律保護我們的福利受法律保護
   探索·視界
·達爾文百余年前收藏的鳥蛋在英國發現
   推薦專題·自然探索·地球故事·人類起源
2009國際天文年中國官網2009國際天文年中國官網
人民網 航天瞭望站人民網 航天瞭望站
·澳科學家研究“軍蟻搭橋”現象:打造特種機器人
·女人真正想要的捐精者:智商高內斂冷靜
·日研究人員合成使老鼠強烈恐懼的“恐怖氣味”
·伊朗研發人形機器人SurenaIII:能踢足球上下樓

[一語驚壇]收入差距尚且"諱言",分配不公如何"開刀"?
[論壇]美派三航母迎接胡總出訪?·六國要聯合對抗中國?
[訪談]黨國英談農村城鎮化·外交部李鬆談伊朗問題
[辯論]  花千億投資迪斯尼,值嗎?·你認同買不如租嗎?
[博客]溫總理:見一葉而知天下 女副市長咋被騙色騙財?
[博客]毛澤東為何成中國文化符號 男人居住北京11條理由
   無線·手機媒體
“G族看兩會 不是浮雲”“G族看兩會 不是浮雲”
“手機民意直寄總理”“手機民意直寄總理”
人民網